On Tuesday, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) unveiled a conceptual design report to build the new Future Circular Collider (FCC) – a similar machine to the LHC but four times bigger – with a 62mile circumference. The Hadron Collider is known for discovering the so-called God Particle – or Higgs Boson – which gave scientists more scope and knowledge of where matter on earth gets its mass from. The organisation said the discovery of the particle “opened a new path for research” and created a “door into new physics”.
But the new FCC machine – at a cost of around £17.8billion – will be almost 10 times more powerful than the Hadron Collider and would hold the potential to “significantly expand our knowledge of matter and the universe”.
The research underpinning the machine’s creation comprised of more than 1,300 researchers from 150 universities, research institutes and industrial firms.
CERN said the FCC Machine will “use new-generation high-field superconducting magnets while its high energy levels will allow precise studies of how a Higgs particle interacts with another Higgs particle.”
Under the new proposals, the new machine will be built in stages.
The first of these stages would collide electrons and positrons.
Secondly it would collide electrons with heavier lead atoms.
And by the late 2050s, it would harness the ability to slam protons together with an energy of 100 teraelectronvolts – nearly 10 times that of the Large Hadron Collider.
In 2014, the organisation said it had begun preparatory work on a machine capable of providing “electron-positron, proton-proton and ion-ion collisions at unprecedented energies and intensities, with the possibility of electron-proton and electron-ion collisions”.
CERN’s director general, Fabiola Gianotti, said the gargantuan machine plan “was a remarkable accomplishment”.
She said: “It shows the tremendous potential of the FCC to improve our knowledge of fundamental physics and to advance many technologies with a broad impact on society.
Plans for the FCC will be put forward to an international panel of scientists.
The conceptual report will be considered as part of a new European strategy for particle physics.